org.apache.lucene.util

Class PriorityQueue<T>

    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Constructor and Description
      PriorityQueue(int maxSize) 
      PriorityQueue(int maxSize, boolean prepopulate) 
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Instance Methods Abstract Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method and Description
      T add(T element)
      Adds an Object to a PriorityQueue in log(size) time.
      void clear()
      Removes all entries from the PriorityQueue.
      protected Object[] getHeapArray()
      This method returns the internal heap array as Object[].
      protected T getSentinelObject()
      This method can be overridden by extending classes to return a sentinel object which will be used by the PriorityQueue(int,boolean) constructor to fill the queue, so that the code which uses that queue can always assume it's full and only change the top without attempting to insert any new object.
      Those sentinel values should always compare worse than any non-sentinel value (i.e., lessThan(T, T) should always favor the non-sentinel values).
      By default, this method returns null, which means the queue will not be filled with sentinel values.
      T insertWithOverflow(T element)
      Adds an Object to a PriorityQueue in log(size) time.
      Iterator<T> iterator() 
      protected abstract boolean lessThan(T a, T b)
      Determines the ordering of objects in this priority queue.
      T pop()
      Removes and returns the least element of the PriorityQueue in log(size) time.
      boolean remove(T element)
      Removes an existing element currently stored in the PriorityQueue.
      int size()
      Returns the number of elements currently stored in the PriorityQueue.
      T top()
      Returns the least element of the PriorityQueue in constant time.
      T updateTop()
      Should be called when the Object at top changes values.
      T updateTop(T newTop)
      Replace the top of the pq with newTop and run updateTop().
    • Method Detail

      • lessThan

        protected abstract boolean lessThan(T a,
                                            T b)
        Determines the ordering of objects in this priority queue. Subclasses must define this one method.
        Returns:
        true iff parameter a is less than parameter b.
      • getSentinelObject

        protected T getSentinelObject()
        This method can be overridden by extending classes to return a sentinel object which will be used by the PriorityQueue(int,boolean) constructor to fill the queue, so that the code which uses that queue can always assume it's full and only change the top without attempting to insert any new object.
        Those sentinel values should always compare worse than any non-sentinel value (i.e., lessThan(T, T) should always favor the non-sentinel values).
        By default, this method returns null, which means the queue will not be filled with sentinel values. Otherwise, the value returned will be used to pre-populate the queue. Adds sentinel values to the queue.
        If this method is extended to return a non-null value, then the following usage pattern is recommended:
         // extends getSentinelObject() to return a non-null value.
         PriorityQueue<MyObject> pq = new MyQueue<MyObject>(numHits);
         // save the 'top' element, which is guaranteed to not be null.
         MyObject pqTop = pq.top();
         <...>
         // now in order to add a new element, which is 'better' than top (after
         // you've verified it is better), it is as simple as:
         pqTop.change().
         pqTop = pq.updateTop();
         
        NOTE: if this method returns a non-null value, it will be called by the PriorityQueue(int,boolean) constructor size() times, relying on a new object to be returned and will not check if it's null again. Therefore you should ensure any call to this method creates a new instance and behaves consistently, e.g., it cannot return null if it previously returned non-null.
        Returns:
        the sentinel object to use to pre-populate the queue, or null if sentinel objects are not supported.
      • add

        public final T add(T element)
        Adds an Object to a PriorityQueue in log(size) time. If one tries to add more objects than maxSize from initialize an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown.
        Returns:
        the new 'top' element in the queue.
      • insertWithOverflow

        public T insertWithOverflow(T element)
        Adds an Object to a PriorityQueue in log(size) time. It returns the object (if any) that was dropped off the heap because it was full. This can be the given parameter (in case it is smaller than the full heap's minimum, and couldn't be added), or another object that was previously the smallest value in the heap and now has been replaced by a larger one, or null if the queue wasn't yet full with maxSize elements.
      • top

        public final T top()
        Returns the least element of the PriorityQueue in constant time.
      • pop

        public final T pop()
        Removes and returns the least element of the PriorityQueue in log(size) time.
      • updateTop

        public final T updateTop()
        Should be called when the Object at top changes values. Still log(n) worst case, but it's at least twice as fast to
         pq.top().change();
         pq.updateTop();
         
        instead of
         o = pq.pop();
         o.change();
         pq.push(o);
         
        Returns:
        the new 'top' element.
      • size

        public final int size()
        Returns the number of elements currently stored in the PriorityQueue.
      • clear

        public final void clear()
        Removes all entries from the PriorityQueue.
      • remove

        public final boolean remove(T element)
        Removes an existing element currently stored in the PriorityQueue. Cost is linear with the size of the queue. (A specialization of PriorityQueue which tracks element positions would provide a constant remove time but the trade-off would be extra cost to all additions/insertions)
      • getHeapArray

        protected final Object[] getHeapArray()
        This method returns the internal heap array as Object[].